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Additional Resources

An evaluation of infant immunization in Africa: is a transformation in progress?

This paper, in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, assesses the progress towards meeting the goals of the African Regional strategic Plan of the Expanded Programme on Immunisation between 2001 and 2005.  The review was based on national data from 46

Immunization Essentials: A Practical Field Guide

This guide provides a comprehensive overview of essential information related to immunization, including technical information about vaccines, a review of immunization program management best practices, guidance on the delivery of immunization services, monitor

Why children are not vaccinated: a review of the grey literature

This article summarizes the findings of numerous local studies of factors hindering higher coverage. The article analyzes insights from 130 grey literature documents and roughly prioritizes factors associated with non- or under-immunization.

Working with Communities to Strengthen Immunization

Community involvement is critical to the success of immunization. This issue of SnapShots describes some practical ways to build alliances between communities and health services to improve immunization coverage.

Immunization Essentials eLearning course

In this course, discover basic concepts of immunity, vaccination, vaccine-preventable diseases, and the global effort to immunize all children.

Immunization in Practice: A practical guide for health staff

This guide provides a comprehensive overview of immunization information, including the vaccine cold chain, ensuring safe injections, microplanning for reaching communities, managing immunization sessions, monitoring and surveillance, partnering with communitie

Immunization Action Coalition website

Supported by the CDC, the Immunization Action Coalition (IAC) works to increase immunization rates and prevent disease by creating and distributing educational materials for healthcare professionals and the public that enhance the delivery of safe and effective

Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines Survey Tool

This tool, developed by a team of researchers at the University of Washington School of Medicine, is a widely used and validated measure of vaccine hesitancy.

Immunization Manual for Health Workers

The Unit of Vaccines and Immunization Services (UVIS) of the Kenya Ministry of Health developed this manual for training the country's health workers on topics related to the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI). The manual covers basic components of EPI.

How do vaccines work? - Kelwalin Dhanasarnsombut

As part of the TED-Ed series, this animated video presents a concise explanation of how vaccines work, the differences between types of vaccines, and  how vaccines have been developed and are continuing to be developed.